Additional Ingredients

Vitamins

Contributes to general health as well as healthy looking skin.
Prevent premature ageing and improve the skins health.
Protecting the cells from damage and strengthening the skin.
Involved in collagen production and a glowing skin.
Precursors for many essential ingredients.
Active in many biological pathways.

Lipids

Play a crucial role in the skin’s barrier function.
They has an important role in cell-to-cell signaling.
glue that traps water and holds the dead skin cells together.
Component of cell membrane.
Component of sebum.

Essential fatty acids

Help cells stay fluid and flexible, allowing nutrients to enter the cells and wastes to exit, they are the building blocks for healthy skin.
Help protect, hydrate and moisturize your skin while reducing inflammation and sensitivity.
Give rise to potent signaling molecules, called eicosanoids, which influence the inflammatory response in skin.
Application of certain omega-3 PUFAs attenuates UV-induced photo damage, extrinsic signs of skin aging, and inflammatory skin responses.

Antioxidants

Antioxidants are touted to reduce oxidative stress by neutralizing free radicals.
Free radical damage is one of the major causes of ageing. Free radicals are highly reactive chemicals that can damage living cells. Topical antioxidants provide additional protection against free radical damage, preventing environmental damage to the skin.
Helps reduce inflammation.
Repair DNA damage.
Rrestore the skins surface barrier, defend against environmental stress, build more collagen and improve the skins ability to heal.

Plant Sterols

Natural fats found in fruits and vegetables.
In skin mimic the effects of cholesterol.
Strengthening the skins protective barrier.
Reduce inflammation.
Improve cell communication and boosts moisture retention in the skin.
Benefits in anti-wrinkle, repairing, and skin firming.
Some sterols stimulate collagen and hyaluronic acid production by human dermal fibroblasts.
The topical treatment that showed anti-aging benefits to the skin was the one that contained phytosterols and other natural fats. It is reported that phytosterols not only stopped the slow-down of collagen production that can be caused by the sun, it actually encouraged new collagen production.

Acids AHA BHA

Wide usage range "from exfoliation to hydration".
Effective for inflammation.
Ability to fight rosacea and inflammation caused by acne.
Help clear pores.
Exfoliation Benefits.
Treat flaky or dull skin and hyperpigmentation.
Moisturizing factor.
Anti Aging.

Minerals for the Skin

Each essential mineral has a role in normal skin development and function, few have been studied in the context of optimal skin health.
Minerals are found in the skin as essential components of various enzymes and inside a special metal-binding protein, metallothionein.
Insoluble mineral oxide formulations remain on the upper layers of the skin and are not systemically absorbed. The organic form of selenium, L-selenomethionine, is absorbed through the skin and reaches the bloodstream.
Mineral oxides absorb and filter UVA and UVB, reducing the amount of UVR that penetrates the layers of the skin. Minerals may also augment antioxidant defense mechanisms in the skin.
Topical zinc also induces metallothionein (MT), which provides a locally accessible pool of mineral for zinc-dependent metalloenzymes while serving as a free radical scavenger in its own right. Oral and topical L-selenomethionine may protect the skin from UV damage by increasing the levels of selenium-dependent antioxidant proteins prior to UV exposure, thus bolstering the antioxidant defense of the skin. Meeting the RDA for the other minerals is important for the development and maintenance of healthy skin, though there is little evidence to warrant oral or topical supplementation in the context of skin health.